Names of soldiers & settlers
heavily drawn from *

Ainsworth, Fred C., Brig. Gen. & Kirkley, Joseph, W., THE WAR OF THE REBELLION A COMPILATION OF THE OFFICIAL RECORDS OF THE UNION AND CONFEDERATE ARMIES. U.S. War Dept., Washington Government Printing Office 1897. Series I, Volumes 3 1881, Series IV Volume 2.1900. Washington Government Printing Office 1900.

Baker, Edward L., Jr. ROSTER of NON-COMMISSIONED OFFECERS OF THE TENTH CAVALRY WITH SOME REGIMENTAL REMINESCENCES, APPENDIXES, Etc., connected with the Early History of the Regiment. St. Paul, MN: Wm. Kennedy Printing Company, 1897. Mattituck, NY: J. M. Carroll and Company, 1983.

Ball, Eve. IN THE DAYS OF VICTORIO: Recollections of a Warm Springs Apache Tucson. University of Arizona Press, 1970.

Brown, Dee. BURY MY HEART AT WOUNDED KNEE. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1970.

Caroll, John M., ed. BLACK MILITARY EXPERIENCE IN AMRICAN WEST. New York: Liveright Publishing, 1971.

FREEDOM A DOCUMENTARY HISTORY OF EMANCIPATION 1861-1867. Selected From the Holdings Of The National Archives Of The United States, Series II The Black Military Experience. Cambridge University Press Cambridge, London. Published by the Press Syndicate of the University of Cambridge The Pitt Building, Trumpington Street, Cambridge CB2 IRP 32 East 57th Street, New York, NY10022U.S.A. 296 Beaconfield Parade, Middle Park, Melborune 3206, Australia, 1982.

Cashin, Herschel. UNDER FIRE WITH THE TENTH U.S. CAVALRY. Salem, New Hampshire, Ayers Company, Publishers, 1991.

Cornish, Dudley Taylor. THE SABLE ARM: Black Troops in the Union Army, 1861-1865. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1987.

Cox, Clinton. THE FORGOTTEN HEROES: The Story of the Buffalo Soldiers. New York: Scholastic Inc., 1993.


Hargrove, Hondon B. BLACK UNION SOLDIERS IN THE CIVIL WAR. Jefferson, NC: McFarland and Company, 1988.

Hollandsworth, James G., Jr. THE LOUISIANA NATIVE GUARDS: The Black Military Experience during the Civil War. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1995.

Katz, William Loren. BLACK INDIANS: A Hidden Heritage. New York: Atheneum, 1986.

* Leckie, William H. THE BUFFALO SOLDIERS: A Narrative of the Negro Cavalry in the West. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1967.

Levenson, Dorothy. HOMESTEADERS AND INDIANS. New York: Franklin Watts Inc. 1971.

York, NY.: Franklin Watts, 1969.

Morley, Jacqueline. HOW WOULD YOU SURIVIVE IN THE AMERICAN WEST? Danbury, CT.: Franklin Watts, 1997.

Nies, Judith. NATIVE AMERICAN HISTORY. New York, Ballantine Books, 1996.

Powel, Clinton L. with Persico Joseph E. MY AMERICAN JOURNEY. New York, Random House, 1995.

Rickey, Don Jr., FORTY MILES A DAY ON BEANS AND HAY, The Enlisted Soldier Fighting the Indian Wars, University of Oklahoma Press, 1963.

Schubert, Frank N. BLACK VALOR: Buffalo Soldiers and the Medal of Honor, 1870-1898. Wilmington, DE.: Scholarly Resources, 1997.

Steedman, Scott. HOW WOULD YOU SURVIVE AS AN AMERICAN INDIAN? Danbury, CT.: Franklin Watts, 1995.

Stewart, Paul and McNair. Wallace Yvonne. BLACK COWBOYS. Broomfield, Colorado: Tom Phillips.

Stout, Jr. Joseph A. APACHE LIGHTNING: The Last Great Battles of the Ojo Calientes. New York, Oxford University Press, 1974.

Thrapp, Dan L., VICTORIO AND THE MIMBRES APACHES. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1974.

White, William Bruce. THE MILITARY AND THE MELTING POT: The American Army and Minority Groups, 1865-1924. University of Wisconsin: Thesis submitted to by William Bruce White 1968, University Microfilms International, Ann Arbor Michigan, U.S.A., London England, 1978.

Wilson, Joseph T. The BLACK PHALANX: African American Soldiers in the War of Independence, the War of Independence, the War of 1812, and the Civil War. New York: Da Capo Press, 1994.

Utley, Robert M. FRONTIER REGULARS: The United States Army and the Indian, 1866-1891. New York. Macmillan, 1973.


Information on Henry Parker was taken from the Records of Enlistment of the U.S. Army (microfilmed copies housed in the library at Fort Davis National Historic Site).

Mileage information on Company D of the Tenth U. S. Cavalry taken from the Regimental Returns of the Tenth U. S. Cavalry (microfilmed copies housed in the library at Fort Davis National Historic Site): M. Williams, Park Ranger.

Powell, Colin K. Remarks at the Buffalo Soldiers Monument Dedication Ceremonies 1997.

Fort Clark, Brackettville, Texas.

Fort Concho, San Angelo, Texas.

Fort Davis, National Historic Site, U.S. Department of the Interior, N.P.S.

Historical Handbook Series, No. 38, Washington, D.C., 1965.

Fort Griffin, Albany, Texas.

Fort McKavett, Fort McKavett, Texas.

Fort Stockton, Fort Stockton, Texas

Fort Richardson, Jacksboro, Texas.

Grierson, Robert K. Journal Kept on the Victorio Campaign in 1880. Fort Davis National Historic Site, Fort Davis, Texas.

Organizational Index to Pension Files of Veterans Who Served Between 1861 and 1900. (T289, R706, R707)

National Archives, , D.C.

National Archives, Laguna Nigual, Ca.

National Archives, Washington, D.C.

St. Loius Historical Society


* Photographs and Prints Division, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundations



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